To achieve effective studying that leads you, God willing, to the pinnacle of success and excellence, you must go through the following four stages
First: the overall reading of the lesson:
You should start your study by reading the lesson in general and quickly, in order to become familiar with its contents and topic, and you must follow the following instructions:
Divide the lesson into big main titles and divide each main title into smaller sub-headings and memorize them to form a general picture of the lesson in your mind and achieve interdependence between its parts.
Read the lesson in total and quickly before starting to read it in detail and study it carefully, which helps speed up memorization and increases the ability to focus.
Answering some general exercises and direct questions about the lesson.
Second: memorizing and studying
The golden rule for achieving the highest scores and the best results in any subject is: (memorize, then memorize, then memorize). Despite the importance of understanding in the study process, whatever your understanding ability, you must memorize the information that you will put in the test. Many smart students fail due to their reliance on Comprehension only without memorizing, unlike some students of average intelligence who were able to excel in the tests, relying on their superior ability to memorize and a little understanding even in the most accurate subjects such as mathematics!!? The following are important tips that help you to memorize information well:
Get to know the main points in the lesson, put a line under them, and repeat reading them until they are fixed in your mind and memory.
Understanding laws, rules, equations, theories, etc. well, then memorizing them.
Put questions that summarize the different parts of the lesson and then answer them in writing and orally.
Many students believe that reading the lesson, understanding it, and trying to memorize it is sufficient, but when he tries to answer one of the questions in the test, he stands at a loss and says: (I know it and understand it), but he cannot answer.... This is due to his neglect of the recitation process and his lack of realization of its utmost importance. Below:
Listening reveals your weaknesses and the mistakes you make, as it is a mirror of your memory.
It is the powerful way to fix information and increase the ability to remember it for a longer period.
It is a successful treatment for al-Sarhan.. The student who studies without recitation forgets after one day an amount equal to what the student who does recitation forgets after 36 days. The methods of recitation differ according to the subject of study and the way a student studies, but the best methods of recitation are the ones that are similar to the method that you will use in studying. One of the most important methods of recitation is the following:
It is the easiest and fastest method, and the following should be noted in order to achieve the best results
If you listen to yourself, you should refer to the book in the parts that you are not sure of.
Listening to a colleague is better than listening to yourself.
Reciting in the form of a discussion and an attempt to explain the lesson gives a better result.
And that is by writing the main points, laws, rules, illustrations and their data, and what you write is verified by referring to the book. When writing for recitation, you must not care about improving the handwriting, arrangement or organization, but rather write quickly and in a large handwriting so that you get used to the boldness in writing and the ability to correct your mistakes.
IV as a review
Revision has many benefits, the most important of which is fixing information and the ease of retrieving it again when asked about it. Also, reviewing previous lessons regularly helps you fully understand what is new from them and in less time than the previous ones.
How do you retreat?
Do not try to review all the lessons at once, but divide them into successive stages.
Browse the big headings first, then the subheadings, while trying to remember the important points.
Try to write the main points of the lesson, laws, equations, rules and the like.
Answer some comprehensive questions, preferably from previous exams.
The review can be in a group form by asking and answering questions with some colleagues, which increases your enthusiasm and your ability to remember and recall.
when did you back down
Some may think that the revision takes place at the end of the year or only before the exams, but this is not true. Revision from the beginning of the academic year is very important to ensure that the information is fixed and the ability to remember it. Therefore, you must follow the following:
Review two or three subjects at most each week, so that you complete the review of all subjects once a month.
Allocating the weekly day off for revision. Revision before the exam is very important and necessary because it is the key to excellence.
Obstacles to good recall
There are some difficulties that can hinder you from studying, which you must discover and try to overcome in order to be able to master effective study. The most important of these difficulties are:
The inability to concentrate while studying, so you lose your time moving from one lesson to another and from one subject to another without studying anything.
The accumulation of lessons and the inability to organize your time to finish them.
Hating some subjects and believing the losers who scare you of them and portray them to you as difficult and unavoidable.
Bad friends who waste your time playing and playing without appreciating any responsibility.
Anxiety and tension resulting from family problems that distract the mind and weaken your ability to remember well.
How to resist forgetting and strengthen your memory
Psychologists have been interested in studying the phenomenon of forgetfulness, especially among students, and they have identified some rules that help to overcome forgetfulness and strengthen the ability to remember, the most important of which are:
Get to know the main points in the lesson and put a line under them and repeat reading them until they are fixed in your mind and memory.
Do not mention when you are tired, because fatigue does not help to stabilize the information, so you quickly forget it.
Divide long material into coherent units that are easy to understand and memorize as a coherent unit.
Trust yourself and your memory and memorize quickly.