He did not find "Harris Cooper"; A psychologist and neuroscientist at Duke University, examining 180 research studies, found no evidence of the benefit of homework on academic achievement during elementary school. But - on the contrary - it was found to have a negative impact on children's attitudes towards school and how they see it.
His research shows that the benefits of homework depend strongly on the age group; High school students get the benefit of the assignments; If the work is less than two hours at night. While middle school students benefit in a small percentage, as for primary school children; It is better to wait.
More homework is associated with poverty and inequality
Daniel Cabrera, 9-year-old homeless Filipino boy doing homework on the light coming from McDonald's
As Gerald K. says: Lutondre»; Professor of Education at Penn State University, after 10 years of research with his colleagues found that higher rates of homework assignment are associated with countries with lower incomes and lower social equity.
This is what they found after searching for international trends in homework using databases such as the Trends in Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS). Undoubtedly, homework is a global phenomenon, they concluded. Of all the 59 countries that participated in the study in 2007, less than 7% of fourth-grade students reported not doing homework.
And in another study of TIMSS revealed that the more homework; Student achievement declined nationwide. Explaining the negative association between achievement and the increase in the percentage of teachers who use homework for marking.
Mental and physical disorders and sleep problems as a result of duties
Studies indicate the impact of homework on depriving children of sufficient sleep
Homework doesn't just help you make any educational progress. Instead, they are a burden to the struggling children, and a bore to the high achievers. Besides, it causes stress, tension, and sleep disturbances; A study showed a direct relationship between the time spent on homework and the level of physical health, psychological stress, and increased anxiety, depression, anger, and other mood disorders among students.
Not only are they a burden to children; Rather, it places additional burdens on parents – who often don't know how to help their children anyway – and on teachers, who have enough to do without having to put and collect marks, as well as assign students to other work not required by the school curriculum.
Homework increases family conflicts and it is best to read daily
Reading increases academic achievement
Moreover, homework increases family conflicts. Besides, the more parents help children with homework; Increased stress in children. In addition, it reduces the time needed for other activities that provide balance and variety in the child's life, such as: sports, music, art, or other extra-curricular activities.
So instead of homework, research suggests that all children should read every night. It has been proven that reading increases academic achievement and aids in learning. Noting that reading is not restricted to a specific number of minutes or pages. Similarly, self-learning at home by completing projects of interest to the child can help create a positive and stimulating learning experience for the child.
The need for policies to regulate education
As a result of this scientific research, officials and decision makers have been involved in discussions and debates about homework and policy formulation. French President François Hollande suggested banning homework. Because of its effects on the distinction between social classes, he said.
Although there is research suggesting that homework is not a potential source of social stratification in academic achievement. However, policy makers and researchers need to look more closely at the relationship between poverty, inequality and the increase in homework. Instead of seeing homework as a solution, decision makers should look into the aspects of the education system that drive students, teachers, and parents to increase homework loads.
Protesters: Homework prepares a child for the "real world"
Objectors say that homework teaches children skills such as taking responsibility, promotes self-discipline, and prepares children for the "real world." However, others say that it is difficult for young children to deal with complex skills such as time management, or to understand and deal with their feelings regarding different assignments and duties.
This may push children to rebel against homework. They are not supposed to spend the whole day at school, and then come back to do the homework and repeat the ball over and over again. They should play, explore, relax, do household chores and get enough sleep.
So Dr. Justin Coulson says; Education researcher, speaker, and author, going on to say that, "In fact, homework proponents lead children away from learning, making them less successful in school" and noting that this hinders them from enjoying their childhood.