Study tips - study schedule
There are factors that affect the ability to comprehend, understand, memorize, improve memory and forget, including:
1) The student's level of motivation: - If the student has incentives to study, whether in response to an internal motive, such as achieving an ambition or satisfying a self-need, or the motive of achieving social acceptance, or to obtain a specific reward.
2) The material and its related things: - such as the student's active direction towards the material and his love for it, and the clarity of its meaning and its importance to him, which stimulates the memory and raises its level, and the presence of the available sincere desire means achieving remarkable results, and the student's desire increases the degree of his concentration and attention, and the more important the material is for him The student keeps it for a longer period, and the more the material is of bright meaning and organized, the easier it is to remember and memorize it. Because his motivation for it is stronger than the material he hates, and the joy or pleasure after or during the study positively affects the improvement of the study.
Also, the interdependence of the material or the subject, its organization and its procedural (i.e. the possibility of applying it and linking it to life); Matter that is interconnected, organized, arranged in ideas, and has a clear pattern is easier to understand, comprehend, and memorize in memory than unorganized matter, just as the material that can be practically applied lasts longer in memorization, so the application of acquired information (kinesthetic learning) lasts for a longer period, and the loss of it is Less than theoretical subjects (history, geography), and this confirms the importance of the principle of learning by doing, so it is advised to transform learning into movement, work, behavior, or apply the learned material and link it to the reality of life.
3) Knowing the results: The knowledge of the learner about the results of his work increases his learning, because that makes him know his strengths and weaknesses, so he tries to increase the strengths and treat the weaknesses and improve them. Speed in knowing the results.
4) Increasing recall, retrieval, repetition and training facilitates the process of understanding and memorizing because this works as feedback. There is no doubt that retrieving the learned material proves its memorization, and the meaning of retrieval is not merely recitation; rather, re-establishing the meanings, relationships, and links in it; Experiments have shown that increasing retrieval times has led to an improvement in learning outcomes, so it is useful because it helps the student to know his level and know the weaknesses in what he is studying, and it represents a test situation for the learner. It contributes to improving learning and fixing it. The effect of superficial study does not last long And soon it fades away, and vice versa, so it is recommended to increase training, and even to exaggerate in studying and repetition, especially in some situations such as memorizing laws, and there is no doubt that using what one learns and applying it in other purposes confirms what he learned, because mere memorizing a rule does not lead to its survival. It is not used in the future, but it must be applied in solving issues and exercises, and the more diverse the issues and methods in solving them, the more it helps to establish them.
In addition, mental training, i.e. imagining that the student is engaged in work during rest periods, is useful in acquiring skills, especially motor skills.
The student's work and activity after the study affects memorization, as does the type and quantity of that activity. The amount of learned and remaining material decreases gradually as time goes on, and time is not the reason. Rather, what happens during it. For example, the student who sleeps after studying a specific subject is more able to recover that subject after he gets up than another who continues studying and learning other things.
5) Studying at reasonable intervals and according to a specific program. Studying in periods where the effort is distributed is better than continuous or continuous study, so the study is effective when it is taken at intervals between which there are rest periods, or according to a specific program, especially in learning complex and complex skills. The student who He is not inclined to study a specific subject, but he is forced to recall it once. Such a student needs to rest while studying.
Distributed study and distributed effort gives opportunities to organize and absorb the material, and prevents the causes of fatigue and dispersion, just as the student is worried about not continuing the study; Rather, he has to leave the study until his anxiety and tension go away, and continuous focused training is useful in easy jobs, while the distributor is useful in long, complex situations.
Studies have proven that the distribution of memorization is better in terms of what is memorized, and in terms of the accuracy of remembering what is memorized, that is, dividing the work into periods in which the student does not get tired or bored, but rather longs, and in general, distribution is better than condensation, but it must be considered that the time intervals are as much as possible. It is reasonable, and the benefit of these intervals is great when the study or the material to be memorized is difficult and long, but if the material is easy and short, there is no need to divide it into parts and breaks.
7) Reinforcement, reward, motivation, reward or punishment increases motivation and strengthens the process of assimilation, understanding, memorization and memory improvement.